The Global Management Business Review (GBMR)

Editor-in-Chief: Shahizan Hassan 
View Editorial Board

Formerly known as International Postgraduate Business Journal (IPBJ) - (ISSN Online 2180-2416)

Greetings from Othman Yeop Abdullah Graduate School of Business (OYAGSB), Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM)...!!!

UUM Othman Yeop Abdullah Graduate School of Business (UUM OYAGSB) was established as part of the university's keen effort to continuously provide innovative and effective business management related education. With the tag line "Cultivating Perspectives. Sharing Solutions. Building the Future", UUM OYAGSB aims to produce future business leaders with broad international scope, excellent decision making abilities and capable of executing changes for the betterment of business, society, and environment.

GBMR – Global Business Management Review is an online, open access, biannual double peer-reviewed, international journal which publishes case studies and research works, that are innovative, conceptual, hypothetical and theoretical in its nature that provides an investigative acumens in the field of business. The case and papers are expected to provide vital insights on innovative concepts and issues that could lead to tough understanding and analysis of the key concerns which are part of the business.

The Scope of the journal covers the areas of business management which include management, marketing, finance, economics, human resources management, international business, technology management and entrepreneurship. We expect articles, case studies, commentaries, research papers and white papers from CEOs, Corporate leaders, Research Scholars, Academicians, Students Community and all other Business Stakeholders.

eISSN 2600 - 8416


Chief Editor

Shahizan Hassan, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia


Managing Editor

Arfan Shahzad, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia


Editorial Board Members

Alfons Palangkaraya, Swinburne University of Technology, Australia

Michael Jones, University of Bristol, United Kingdom

Benito L. Teehankee, De La Salle University, Philippine

Kim Fam, Victoria University Wellington, New Zealand

Sarath Dasanayaka, University of Moratuwa, Sri Lanka

Roman Matousek, Kent University, United Kingdom

Herbert Kotzab, University of Bremen, Germany

Paul Hannon, Swansea University, United Kingdom

Suzi Jarvis, University College Dublin, Ireland

Chiaki Iwai, Aoyama Gakuin University, Japan

Sudarso Kaderi Wiryono, Bandung Institute of Technology Indonesia, Indonesia

Lee Sung Hoon, Sejong University, Korea

Fumio Itoh, ABEST21, Japan

Faridahwati Mohd Shamsudin, Universiti Utara Malaysia

K. Kuperan Viswanathan, Universiti Utara Malaysia
Nor Azila Mohd Noor, Universiti Utara Malaysia

Mohd Zaini Abd Karim, Universiti Utara Malaysia

Wan Nordin Wan Hussin, Universiti Utara Malaysia

Zaleha Othman, Universiti Utara Malaysia

Martino Luis, Universiti Utara Malaysia

GBMR Vol. 10 (2), 2018

Article in Journal

  1. S M Musa, Syed A. Mamun (2018). Business Model Innovation as Strategic Renewal Process: A Case of China’s Most Innovative Firm. Global Business Management Review, 10(2), 1-18.
  2. Aboubakar Mirza, Mazrah Malek, Mohamd Ali Abdul-Hamid (2018). Value Relevance of Earnings and Book Value of Equity: Evidence from Malaysia. Global Business Management Review, 10(2), 19-40.
  3. Atif Ali Gill, Arfan Shahzad, Subramaniam Sri Ramalu (2018). Examine the influence of Enterprise Resource Planning Quality Dimensions on Organizational Performance Mediated through Business Process Change Capability. Global Business Management Review, 10(2), 41-57.
  4. Musa Salihu Ewugi, Mohd Zaini Abd Karim (2018). Can Halal economics make any difference on the happiness of the Nigerian citizenry? Global Business Management Review, 10(2), 58-74.
  5. Kamilah Abdul Hamid , Gunalan Nadarajah (2018). Efforts and Strategies towards Continuous Optimization across Divisions, Processes, and Business Ecosystem through Digital Transformation at BIT Group Sdn. Bhd. Global Business Management Review, 10(2), 75-93.
GBMR Vol. 10 (1), 2018

Article in Journal

  1. Kabiru Umar & Faruk Shakur (2018). Deposit Money Banks Stocks Return Reactions to Post Financial Crisis Stress Test Result Announcements in Nigeria. Global Business Management Review, 10(1), 1-12.
  2. Pha-isah Leekoi, Ahmad Zafarullah Abdul Jalil & Mukaramah Harun (2018). Vulnerability to Poverty of Rural Households in Pattani Province: A Feasible Generalized Least Squares (FGLS) Approach. Global Business Management Review, 10(1), 13-25.
  3. Azmi Ab Rahman & Herman Shah Anuar (2018). 7s Model: Operation Department Transformation of Malaysia Sheet Glass (NSG Group). Global Business Management Review, 10(1), 26-46.
  4. Siva Kumar Ramasamy & Shahizan Hassan (2018). Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Adoption in Healthcare Linen Management: A Case study at ProLinenCare 10(1), 47-65.
  5. Tin Shin Thed & Faudziah Hanim Fadzill (2018). Organizational Improvements by Brand Building Strategies in Axia Academy. Global Business Management Review, 10(1), 66-93.

 IPBJ Vol. 9 (2), 2017

Article in Journal

  1. Abdulmumini Baba Alfa & Mohd Zaini Abd Karim (2017). Rural Market Accessibility and Child School Attendance in Nigeria. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 9(2), 1-15.
  2. Lahcene Makhloufi, Noorulsadiqin Azbiya Yaacob & Fadhilah Yamin (2017). The Effect of Core Competence and It Human Resources Toward Sustaining Competitive Advantage of Malaysian Small and Medium Enterprise. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 9(2), 16-26.
  3. Evelyn Toh Bee Hwa & Selvan Perumal (2017). Determinants of Retail Patronage – A Systematic Literature Review Perspective. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 9(2), 27-40.
  4. Faudziah Hanim Hj. Fadzil & Chong Say Lee (2017). The Role of Absorptive Capacity between External Knowledge Search and Firm's Product Innovation Performance. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 9(2), 41-73.
  5. Dewan Niamul Karim & Abdul Halim Abdul Majid (2017). The Effect of High Performance HR Practices on Knowledge Sharing Behavior: The Mediating Role of Employee Engagement. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 9(2), 74-88.

IPBJ Vol. 9 (1), 2017

Article in Journal

  1. Nurul Labanihuda Abdull Rahman & Shahizan Hassan (2017). The Determinants towards Mobile Commerce Adoption among University Students in Malaysia: A Conceptual Framework. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 9(1), 1-13.
  2. Solomon Ozemoyah Ugheoke (2017). Does Best Recruitment Practice Influences High Performance Organization?. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 9(1), 14-27.
  3. Bazeet O. Badru, Nurwati A. Ahmad-Zaluki & Wan Nordin Wan-Hussin (2017). Determinants of Amount of Capital Raised During IPO Sale. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 9(1), 28-45.
  4. Najafi Auwalu Ibrahim, Ibrahim Garba Muhammad & Muazu Hassan Muazu (2017). Mediating Effect of Entrepreneurial Skills on the Relationship between Entrepreneurial Orientation and Entrepreneurial Intention. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 9(1), 47-62.
  5. Farah Lina Azizan, Amer Darus & Noraini Othman (2017). The Relationship Between Leader-Member Exchange Differentiation and Team Performance: Cooperative Communication as Mediatorhe Relationship Between Leader-Member Exchange Differentiation and Team Performance: Cooperative Communication as Mediator. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 9(1), 65-76

IPBJ Vol. 8 (2), 2016

Article in Journal

  1. Darshana Mudalige, Noor Azizi Ismail & Marlin Marissa (2016). Application of Theory of Dynamic Capabilities to Explicate Internationalization of SMEs in Sri Lanka. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 8(2), 1-18.
  2. Nosakhare Peter, Osazuwa, Ayoib, Che Ahmad & Noriah, Che Adam (2016). Environmental Disclosure in Nigerian Quoted Companies: The Longitudinal Study. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 8(2), 19-33.
  3. Yeoh Khar Kheng & Rosli Mahmood (2016). Pro-Innovation Organizational Climate and Innovative Work Behavior in Malaysia's Knowledge Intensive Business Services. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 8(2), 34-50.
  4. Tan Suang Sin & Lim Chee Chee (2016). Life Insurance Ownership and Demographic Background of Alor Setar City Folk in Kedah. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 8(2), 51-65.
  5. Normalisa Md Isa, Shahrin Saad & Norkhazzaina Salahuddin (2016). Promoting Pro-Environmental Behaviours: Message Framing as an Intervention in Recycling Campaign. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 8(2), 66-77.

IPBJ Vol. 8 (1), 2016

Article in Journal

  1. Wen Chiat Lee, K. Kuperan Viswanathan & Jamal Ali  (2016). Assessing Compensation Values from Resettlement Projects: The Need to Incorporate Elements of Freedom and Justice. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 8(1), 1-15.
  2. Rubina Jabeen, Mukhtar Shehu Aliyu & Rosli Mahmood (2016). The Moderating Effect of External Environment on the Relationship Between Market Orientation and Business Performance: A Quantitative Approach. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 8(1), 16-25.
  3. Roslan Abdul Hakim, Russayani Ismail & Nor Azam Abdul Razak (2016). Fuel Subsidy Reform in Malaysia: An Assessment on the Direct Welfare Impact on Consumers. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 8(1), 26-36.
  4. Nadeem Khalid, Noor Azizi Ismail, Syed Soffian Syed Ismail & Marlin Marissa Malek (2016). The Role of Government Funding in the Effort to Enhance Organisational Performance: A Conceptual Framework. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 8(1), 37-48.
  5. Hellena Mohamedy Mushi, Nor Azila Mohd Noor (2016). Consumer Behaviour and Counterfeit Purchase in the Tanzanian Mainland. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 8(1), 49-64.

IPBJ Vol. 7 (2), 2015

Article in Journal

  1. Lutfi Hassen Ali Al-Ttaffi & Hijattulah Abdul-Jabbar (2015). A Conceptual Framework for Tax Non-Compliance Studies in a Muslim Country: A Proposed Framework for The Case Of Yemen. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 7(2), 1-16.
  2. Isah Shittu, Ayoib Che Ahmad & Zuaini Ishak (2015). Application of Principal Component Analysis on Equity Valuation Multiples: Evidence from Malaysian Firms. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 7(2), 17-26.
  3. Munwar Hussain Pahi, Waheed Ali Umrani, Kamal Ab. Hamid & Umair Ahmed (2015). Examining Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire Construct: A Validation Study in the Public Hospitals of Sindh, Pakistan Context. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 7(2), 27-39.
  4. Salau Abdulmalik (2015). Financial Reporting Quality: The Role of Independent and Grey Directors, Board Continuous Training and Internal Audit Function. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 7(2), 40-57.
  5. Shamsudeen Ladan Shagari, Akilah Abdullah & Rafeah Mat Saat(2015). The Influence of System Quality and Information Quality on Accounting Information System (AIS) Effectiveness in Nigerian Banks. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 7(2), 58-74.

IPBJ Vol. 7 (1), 2015

Article in Journal

  1. Go Lisanawati (2015). Best Principles for Criminal Assets Management: Conceptual Framework. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 7(1), 1-20.
  2. Rubina Jabeen, Aliyu Mukthtar Shehu, Rosli Mahmood and Abdu Ja’afaru Bambale (2015). Total Quality Management Dimension and SME Performance: A Quantitative Approach. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 7(1), 21-35.
  3. Brinda Kalyani. PR, Dileep Kumar M and Laila Al Maqbali (2015). Challenges of Small Scale Entrepreneur’s in Sohar Port Anyone There to Listen?. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 7(1), 37-63.
  4. Musarrat Jabeen, Muhammad Umar, Rubeena Batool and Kokeb Yasmeen (2015). Assessment of Social Capital to Internationalize Education Institutions. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 7(1), 65-80.
  5. Nor Hanizan Sahib (2015). The Types of Affordable Housing Based on Income in the Klang Valley: Case Study. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 7(1), 81-95.

Book Review

  1. Paul Gnanaselvam Pakirnathan (2015). Model Business Letters, E-Mails & other Business. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 7(1), 97-99.

IPBJ Vol. 6 (2), 2014

Article in Journal

  1. Thammayantee Phayoonpun and Norazuwa Mat (2014). Organizational Justice and Turnover Intention: The Mediation Role of Job Satisfaction.International Postgraduate Business Journal, 6(2), 1-21.
  2. Rubina Jabeen, Aliyu Mukhtar Shehu, Rosli Mahmood and Bala Ado Kofar Mata (2014). TQM and Knowledge Management Impacts on SME Performance. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 6(2), 23-43.
  3. Samreen Babar, Amjad Amin, Muhammad Azam and Abdul Qayyum Khan (2014). Empirical Assessment of Region Specific Climate Impact on Crops Production in Khyber Pukhtunkhawa, Pakistan. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 6(2), 45-64.
  4. Abdalla Nayef Al-Refai and Nor Azila Mohd Noor (2014). An Empirical Model of Perceived Value and Customer Satisfaction in Mobile Phone Market: An Empirical Investigation of the Mobile Phone Industry. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 6(2), 65-80.
  5. Md. Abdul Mannan, Md. Zohurul Islam and Md. Sanwar Jahan Bhuiyan (2014). Training Curriculum on E-Government: An Empirical Study on Senior Civil Servants of Bangladesh. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 6(2), 81-110.
  6. Ritu Sinha, Ranjan Chaudhuri and Dhumes (2014). Green Retailing: Environmental Strategies of Organized Retailers and Competitive Advantage. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 6(1), 115-119.
  7. Aamir Firoz Shamsi, Liaqat Ali, Rizwana Bashir and Haseeb Ashraf (2014) Food Insecurity of Rice in Pakistan. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 6(2), 133-145.

Book Review

  1. Paul Gnanaselvam Pakirnathan (2014). Communication Research methods in Postmodern Culture: A revisionist Approach. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 6(1), 147-149.

IPBJ Vol. 6 (Special Issues) (1), 2014

Article in Journal

  1. Azilah Kasim and Hisham Dzakiria (2014). Product Evaluation and Travel Motivation of Domestic Tourists to Island Destinations in Malaysia.International Postgraduate Business Journal, 6 (Special Issues)(1), 1-27.
  2. Sailasri, G. and Panduranga, V. (2014). Exchange Rate Volatility and Uncertainty in India – A Study of INR Vs MYR. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 6 (Special Issues) (1), 29-52.
  3. Indranil Mutsuddi and Agnita Nag (2014). Employee Perception on Compensation Management Practices: A Study on Apollo Glengeales Hospitals, Kolkata. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 6 (Special Issues) (1), 53-75.
  4. Rubina Jabeen and Rosli Mahmood (2014). The Relationship between TQM, EO and Business Performance of SMEs: Mediating Role of Market Orientation. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 6 (Special Issues) (1), 77-93.
  5. Shahizan Hassan, Feng Li, Muhammad Firdaus Sahak, Manivannan Perumal and Mohd Yusoff Ab Ghani (2014). The Successful Implementation of Key Performance Indicator System in a Telecommunications Company. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 6 (Special Issues) (1), 95-110.                                                                 

Book Review

  1. Hari A. P. Nair (2014).Physics of the Future: The inventions that will Transform our Lives. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 6 (Special Issues) (1), 111-114.

IPBJ Vol. 6 (1), 2014

Article in Journal

  1. Hailemariam Gebremichael, Yitbarek Seyoum and Prasada R.B.V. (2014). Impact of Market Segmentation Practices on the Profitability of Small and Medium Scale Enterprises: Case Research. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 6(1), 1-25.
  2. Abdalla Nayef Al-Refai and Nor Azila Mohd Noor (2014). Service Quality Dimensions and Customer Satisfaction in Malaysian Mobile Telecommunication Market: An Empirical Investigation of the Mobile Phone Market in Malaysia. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 6(1), 27-48.
  3. Ponmalar N. Alagappar and Lavanya Selvaratnam (2014). Analysis of a Malaysian Edition of Foreign Magazines in Portraying Women's Issue.International Postgraduate Business Journal, 6(1), 49-67.
  4. DM. Mudalige, Noor Azizi Ismail and SWSB Dassanayaka (2014). The Effect of Entrepreneurial Orientation and Brand Orientation on SME Internalization and Performance: A Conceptual Framework. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 6(1), 69-98.
  5. Esuh Ossai-Iqwe Lucky, Ojeniyi Adegoke and Norani Nordin (2014). Project Management Challenges and Difficulties: A Case Study of Information System Development. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 6(1), 98-113.

Book Review

  1. Hari A.P. Nair (2014). Why Some Organizations Consistently Outperform Others: Uncommon Sense, Common Nonsense. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 6(1), 115-119.

IPBJ Vol. 5 (1), 2013

Article in Journal

  1. Ayozie Daniel Ogechukwu (2013). Consumerism the Shame of Marketing in Nigeria Challenges to Corporate Practices. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 5(1), 1-30.
  2. Alin Chintrarucka and John Walsh (2013). Water Resource Allocation Issues in Thailand. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 5(1), 31-47.
  3. Byra Reddy V.J., Shashidhar. and C, Veena K.N (2013). Comparative Assessment of the Role of State, Third Sector and Combined Intervention of State and Third Sector in Intervening Income Inequalities through SHGS. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 5(1), 49-65.
  4. Chee Hee Hoe and Muhammad Awais Bhatti (2013). Factors Influencing University Students' Decision to Select Franchise Business as Career Option. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 5(1), 67-79.
  5. Aluisius Hery Pratono and Dileep Kumar M. (2013). Social Enterprise Challenges: Case Study. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 5(1), 81-95.
  6. Ahmed Shaki and Normala S. Govindarajo (2013). Book Review about the Book. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 5(1), 97- 101.

IPBJ Vol. 5 (Special Issues) (1), 2013

Article in Journal

  1. Dawood Ali M. Mithani and Chong Say Lee (2013). Innovation in Malaysian Wood Based Manufacturing Firm: An Illuminating Case Study. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 5 (Special Issues) (1), 1-28.
  2. Azida Zainol and Sa’ad Mansoor (2013). A Requirements Management Tool for Small and Medium Projects: An Industrial Case Study.International Postgraduate Business Journal, 5 (Special Issues) (1), 29-48.
  3. Sancharan Roy (2013). Flying Low: HR Challenges in the Airline Industry. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 5 (Special Issues) (1), 49-75.
  4. Ajay Singh and Hardik Shah (2013). Collective Bargaining Alternative: A Case of Strategic Industrial Relations Initiative. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 5 (Special Issues) (1), 77-95.
  5. Mujahed Khalid and Dileep Kumar M. (2013). Process Innovation Capabilities and Organizational Performance: Case Study of Developing Novel Production Process. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 5 (Special Issues) (1), 97-109.

Book Review

  1. Noor Azizi Ismail (2013). 50 Short Case Studies in Business Management (1st Edition). International Postgraduate Business Journal, 5 (Special Issues) (1), 111-114.

IPBJ Vol. 5 (Special Issues) (2), 2013

Article in Journal

  1. Mrunal Joshi (2013). The Royal Villa Resort: Taking over Dad’s Business. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 5 (Special Issues) (2), 1-28.
  2. Daeng Hatef Darerssalam Zuhud, Shakiroh Yaakob and Siti Satilawati Mohamed (2013).
    Small Actions Big Changes: Can Director Rogayah Hang On?. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 5 (Special Issues) (2), 29-56.
  3. Ritu Sinha (2013). Branding at Mewar Rugs. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 5 (Special Issues) (2), 57-76.
  4. Akilah Abdullah, Raudah Danila and Rusman Ghani (2013). From Manual to Computerisation: A Case Study of Expenditure Cycle at Brainy Bookstore. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 5 (Special Issues) (2), 77-97.
  5. Sasirekha (2013). Numbers do the Majic – Fast Tracking the Game. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 5 (Special Issues) (2), 99-112.
  6. Altaf Hussain and Norashidah Hashim (2013). Icon: Growth Challenges. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 5 (Special Issues) (2), 113-126.
  7. Rakesh Guglani (2013). Bridging Socio-Economic and Cultural Fissures: A Case Study on Critical Infrastructure in Rural Karnataka of India. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 5 (Special Issues) (2), 127-144.
  8. Suriani Sukri, Bibi Noraini Mohd Yusuf, Mohd Fitri Mansor and Syahida Kamil (2013). Case Study of the Saujana Aromatica Spa and Beauty: Market Growth a Quest to Achieve Sustainable Enterprise. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 5 (Special Issues) (2), 145-165.

Book Review

  1. Dileep Kumar M. (2013). Encyclopedia of Case Study Research, International Postgraduate Business Journal, 5 (Special Issues) (1), 167-170.

IPBJ Vol. 5 (2), 2013

Article in Journal

  1. Umashankar. K. and Ranganatham. G (2013). The Fundamental Role of Behavioural Skills in Crystalizing the Budding Managers. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 5(2), 1-17.
  2. Thresiamma Varghese, Lathifa Al-Badi and Karima Al. Qartoobi (2013). Counterfeit Good Business in Oman. Does Any Factors Affect this Business?. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 5(2), 19-45.
  3. Hardik Shah (2013). Attracting, Motivating and Engaging Gen 'Y' an Infrastructure Organization. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 5(2), 47-61.
  4. Azizi Abu Bakar and Faizatul Hasliyanti Ghazali (2013). The Implementation of Islamic Banking System in Malaysia: Awareness among Banking Staff. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 5(2), 63-76.
  5. Nor Azni Ahmad (2013). Rice Productivity Measurement: Study on System of Rice Intensification Innovation. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 5(2) 77-88.

Book Review

  1. Dileep Kumar M. and Srota Pandya (2013). 7 Steps to Transform Your Life Using NLP, Coaching & Hypnosis, International Postgraduate Business Journal, 5(2), 89-92.

IPBJ Vol. 4 (1), 2012

Article in Journal

  1. Waida Irani Mohd Fauzi, Nazlida Muhamad@Hashim and Sany Sanuri Mohd Mokhtar (2012). The Influence of Religion on Patronage Behavior in Islamic Base Retail Store. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 4(1), 1-9.
  2. Mohanad Mohammed Sufyan and Nik Kamariah Nik Mat (2012). Resource Based Competitive Strategies and Performance: The Impact of Managers’ Perceptions of Customer Value Heterogeneity and Competitive Forces. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 4(1), 11-17.
  3. Kawsar Ahmmed and Nor Azila Mohd Noor (2012). Successful Key Account Management: Antecedents and its Impact on the Organizational Performance of Garments Industry in Bangladesh. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 4(1), 19-29.
  4. Mawaddah Mohamad and Amlus Ibrahim (2012). Critical Success Factors of Nanotechnology Commercialization in Malaysia. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 4(1), 31-40.
  5. Ikmal Zofrizal Hamidi and Dileep Kumar M. (2012). Case Study of SWEPCO Trading Ltd, Malaysia: Linking Organizational Commitment to the Performance Management System and the Short Term Incentives Plan. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 4(1), 41-54.

IPBJ Vol. 4 (2), 2012

Article in Journal

  1. Mohd H. R. Joarder and Mohmad Yazam Sharif (2012). Mediating Role of Organizational Commitment on HRM Pratices and Turnover Intention Relationship: An Empirical Evidence of Private Universities in Bangladesh. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 4(2), 57-69.
  2. Dalili Izni Shafie and Norsiah Mat (2012). Counterproductive Work Behavior (CWB) Antecedents and the Moderating Effect of High Performance Work System: A Study of Banking Industry in Malaysia.International Postgraduate Business Journal, 4(2), 71-76.
  3. Mansour Mohammad Al Harbi and Norazuwa Mat (2012). Factors Affecting Managerial Effectiveness at the Ministry of Interior in Saudi Arabia.International Postgraduate Business Journal, 4(2), 77-86.
  4. Shaker Jamal Bani Melhem and Norsiah Mat (2012). The Use of IT and its Impact on HRM Functions Performance and Organisation Performance. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 4(2), 87-93.
  5. Aisa Azira Abdul Aziz and Dileep Kumar M. (2012). Global Positioning System (GPS): The Utilization of GPS in Commercial Vehicle Licensing Board (LPKP). International Postgraduate Business Journal, 4(2), 95-114.

IPBJ Vol. 3 (1), 2011

Article in Journal

  1. Redwhan Ahmed Al-Dhamari and Ku Nor Izah Ku Ismail (2011). The Moderating Effect of Surplus Free Cash Flow on Ownership Structure Earnings Quality Relationship. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 3(1), 1-15.
  2. Khaled Slamen Aljaaidi and Shamharir Abidin (2011). Audit Markets in the Six Member States of Gulf Co-Operation Council Countries (GCC): A Review and Synthesis of the Literature. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 3(1), 17-50.
  3. Hafizah Abd-Mutalib (2011). Shariah Status, Board Gender Diversity and the Location and Extent of Corporate Social Responsibility Reporting. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 3(1), 51-62.
  4. Nor Azila Mohd Noor and Mohammed Tareque Aziz (2011). Social Exchange Theory (SET) as a Framework for Understanding Retailer- Supplier Relationship Quality. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 3(1), 63-69.

IPBJ Vol. 3 (2), 2011

Article in Journal

  1. Abedalqader Rababah and Faudziah Hanim Fadzil (2011). The Conceptual Study Regarding ABC System Implementation: Evidence from Jordanian Companies. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 3(2), 1-13.
  2. Dzulkarnain Musa, Abdullah Hj. Abd. Ghani and Shuhymee Ahmad (2011). The Role of Market Orientation as a Moderating Variable in the Relationship between Entrepreneurial Orientation and Firm Performance. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 3(2), 15-31.
  3. Rafeah Mat Saat and Mohd Hisyam Selamat (2011). The Role of Media Richness in CSR Web Disclosure: The Impact on Users and Organizational Image. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 3(2), 33-44.
  4. Yahya Ali Al-Matari and Faudziah Hanim Hj. Fadzil (2011). Corporate Governance (Board of Directors and Audit Committee Characteristics) and Firm Performance. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 3(2), 45-54.

IPBJ Vol. 2 (1), 2010

Article in Journal

  1. Mohd Noor Azli Ali Khan and Noor Azizi Ismail (2010). A Study on the Index of Index of Internet Financial Reporting. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 2(1), 1-23.
  2. James Oladapo Alabede, Zaimah Zainol Ariffin and Kamil Md Idrus (2010). Tax Compliance and The Moderating Role of Taxpayer's Financial Condition: A Proposed Model for Nigeria. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 2(1), 25-47.
  3. Ammar Yaser Mansour and Kamarun Nisham Taufil Mohd (2010). Simultaneous Determination and Interactions between Investment, Financing and Remuneration Decisions. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 2(1), 49-59.
  4. Bashar Yaser Mansour and Yusnidah Ibrahim (2010). Market and Companies Confidence Index and Their Relation with Stock Return. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 2 (1), 61-72.

IPBJ Vol. 2 (2), 2010

Article in Journal

  1. Abdu Ja'afaru Bambale (2010). Predictors of Organizational Citizenship Behaviors (OCB), The Moderating and Mediating Roles of Mentoring and Perceived Organizational Support in The Power Holding Company (PHCN) of Nigeria. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 2(2), 1-27.
  2. Noor Liza Adnan (2010). Dysfunctional Behaviour in Performance Measurement Process: The Influence of Ethical Work Climate, Moral Awareness and Locus of Control. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 2(2), 29-45.
  3. K.A.S. Dhammika, Fais Ahmed and Thi Lip Sam (2010). Leadership Effectiveness in Unionized Work Environment: A Study on the Public Sector Organizations in Sri Lanka. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 2(2), 47-73.
  4. Ramat Titilayo Salman (2010). Intellectual Capital Disclosure and Companies Performance in Nigeria. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 2(2), 75-89.

IPBJ Vol. 1 (1), 2009

Article in Journal

  1. Wan M. Nazif W. M. Nori, Noor Azizi Ismail and Rosliza Mat Zin (2009). ERPS-Management Accounting Practices Fit, Antecedents, and User Satisfaction. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 1(1), 1-16.
  2. Ku Nor Izah Ku Ismail and Shamsul Nahar Abdullah (2009). Will Representation of Women on The Board of Directors Mitigate Earnings Management?. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 1(1), 17-27.
  3. Noor Azizi Ismail (2009). Researching Accounting Information System. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 1(1), 29-40.
  4. Khaled Slamen Aljaaidi (2009). Reviewing the Audit Expection Gap Literature from 1974 to 2007. International Postgraduate Business Journal, 1(1), 41-75.


Greetings from Othman Yeop Abdullah Graduate School of Business, Universiti Utara Malaysia. Global Business Management Review (GBMR) an online, open access, biannual double peer-reviewed, international journal which publishes case studies and research works that are innovative, conceptual, hypothetical and theoretical in its nature that provides an investigative acumens in the field of business. The case and papers are expected to provide vital insights on innovative concepts and issues that could lead to tough understanding and analysis of the key concerns which are part of the business. The Scope of the journal covers the areas of business management which include management, marketing, finance, economics, human resources management, international business, technology management and entrepreneurship. We expect articles, case studies, commentaries, research papers and white papers from CEOs, Corporate leaders, Research Scholars, Academicians, Students Community and all other Business Stakeholders.

Past Issues:

GBMR Vol. 10 (1), 2018

IPBJ Vol. 9 (2), 2017

IPBJ Vol. 9 (1), 2017

IPBJ Vol. 8 (2), 2016

IPBJ Vol. 8 (1), 2016

IPBJ Vol. 7 (2), 2015

IPBJ Vol. 7 (1), 2015

It's our pleasure in inviting unpublished Case Studies and Original Papers from Academicians, Industry Experts, Research Scholars and Management Consultant for our journal, that to be published in December 2018. The authors can submit the soft copy of the manuscript in M.S. Word format after preparing the same as per our submission guidelines of APA referencing style, at the email address

Expecting your valuable papers and case study contribution. Any enquiries and articles submission should be addressed to:

Managing Editor Global Business Management Review
Othman Yeop Abdullah Graduate School of Business
Universiti Utara Malaysia
06010 UUM Sintok Kedah, Malaysia

Tel: 604-928 7150
Mobile: 016-623 9057
Fax: 604-9287160
Email: /

Global Business Management Review (GBMR) an online, open access, biannual double peer-reviewed, international journal which publishes case studies and research works that are innovative, conceptual, hypothetical and theoretical in its nature that provides an investigative acumens in the field of business. The case and papers are expected to provide vital insights on innovative concepts and issues that could lead to tough understanding and analysis of the key concerns which are part of the business.

The Scope of the journal covers the areas of business management which include management, marketing, finance, economics, human resources management, international business, technology management and entrepreneurship. We expect articles, case studies, commentaries, research papers and white papers from CEOs, Corporate leaders, Research Scholars, Academicians, Students Community and all other Business Stakeholders.

We are looking forward to receiving your paper.



  1. The specific research areas include the following topic, but not restricted to:
  2. Leadership Development
  3. Innovation and creativity
  4. Entrepreneurial orientation
  5. Motivation at work
  6. Motivation and Productivity
  7. Performance management
  8. Work Culture development
  9. Change Management
  10. Workforce management
  11. Brand building through HR initiatives
  12. International HR issues
  13. Managing diversity at work
  14. Cross cultural communication
  15. Competency Mapping
  16. Labor issues
  17. Welfare Management
  18. Talent Management
  19. Team building
  20. Habit development
  21. Attitude development
  22. Effective transaction for productivity
  23. Personality development
  24. Succession planning
  25. Quality of life
  26. Behavioral Modification
  27. Mentoring and Coaching
  28. Effective attendance management
  29. Goal setting and career development
  30. Other issues on people management


Among the specific research topics under this theme are:

  1. Consumer behavior analysis
  2. Consumption analysis
  3. Market segmentation
  4. Product management
  5. Distribution channel
  6. Brand management
  7. Customer relationship management
  8. Green marketing
  9. Retailing
  10. Pricing strategies
  11. Marketing communication
  12. International marketing


The areas currently being considered include:

  1. Corporate Finance
  2. Banking /financial institutions
  3. Financial Statement Analyses
  4. Islamic Finance and Banking
  5. Financial and Economic Integration
  6. Risk Management
  7. International Finance
  8. Corporate Governance
  9. Emerging Markets
  10. Financial Regulation and Policy analysis


Among the specific research topics under this theme are the following:

  1. The impact of environmental policies (environment protection laws) on business and economic performances
  2. Corporate  social   responsibility;   sustainable   business   models; Business economic modelling and simulation
  3. Efficiency, productivity and externality
  4. Poverty, inequality and social cohesion
  5. Sustainable livelihood and community wellbeing; food security;Climate change
  6. Institutions - development of institutions (rules and regulations) that provides incentives for influencing the behavior of economic agents to protect the environment
  7. Development and use of sustainable development indicators; environmental social impact assessment and monitoring; cost- benefit analysis; valuation of non-market goods
  8. Integrated resource management; management measures and practices for sustainable resource management; technological development and innovation
  9. Green accounting - accounting frameworks and codes of practice for sustainable development
  10. Energy, environment and sustainable systems
  11. Globalization and sustainable development


Specific research area includes but not limited to:

  1. e-Business – development, deployment, and impact.
  2. Enterprise Resource Planning – integration, feasibility issues, and impact on business
  3. Accounting Information System – success and failure factors, emerging issues, and adoption levels.
  4. Knowledge Management – implementation models, Knowledge Management Information Systems, managing knowledge assets, knowledge creation, storage and dissemination issues.
  5. Supply Chain Management
  6. Customer Relationship Management
  7. Information System Strategic Planning
  8. Management Information System


This is a guideline for authors who are interested to submit their paper to the GBMR. Submitting manuscripts in the correct format and in compliance to the requirements will expedite the review process and prevent undue delay in publication. The publisher reserves the right to reject or return manuscripts which are not prepared according to the stipulated guidelines.


Manuscripts should be accompanied by a cover letter stating that the material has not been published, and not under consideration for publication elsewhere.

Preparation of Text

The page limit for research manuscripts is 25–30 pages. The page limit is inclusive of all parts of the manuscript, including the cover page, abstract, text, references, tables and figures.  All text should be written in size 12 font. All manuscripts should be double-spaced, with margins of at least 1 inch on all sides and a standard font (e.g., Times New Roman) of 12 points (no smaller). Manuscripts should   be written   in   English   using   MS Word   (.doc) or other compatible format, double lined spaced, and using the Times New Roman font. A submitted manuscript to GBMR must be original, and has not been published elsewhere nor should it be currently or pending review with any other journal or publisher. Spelling can be either UK or US English but it must be consistent throughout the manuscript.


All appropriate co-authors must be included on the paper, and all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and agreed to its submission for publication. Only e-mail address of corresponding author must be provided.


Title should be as concise as possible but informative enough to facilitate information retrieval. Abbreviations should be avoided when constructing a manuscript title. A manuscript title should not be more than 25 words in length.


Manuscripts  should  consist  of  an  abstract  which  should  be  brief,  self-contained, explicit and should not exceed 200 words in length. It should be a stand-alone document that can be understood without reading the full manuscript. The abstract should not contain literature citations that refer to the main list of references attached to the complete article nor allusions to the illustrations. The abstract should consist of Purpose, Design/methodology/approach, Findings, Research limitations/implications, Practical implications, Social implications (if applicable) and Originality/value. 


Please provide up to 3-5 keywords on the Article Title Page, which encapsulate the principal topics of the paper.


Acknowledgement should include the source of funding, where the funding agency is written in full followed by the grant number. Multiple grant numbers should be separated by commas. Funding acknowledgment can be written in the form below.

Example: This work was supported by World Health Organization [grant number xxxx].

Table and Figure

Each table is preceded by the capitalized word “table” followed by an Arabic number (e.g., Table 1, Table 2, and Table 3). The number given to a table is determined by the order in which that table is referred to in the text (i.e., the first table discussed is Table 1, the second is Table 2, and so on). Capitalize “table,” put a period after the table number, and do not bold or italicize the text. Example: Table 1. 2. Each table has a unique title written directly below the table number. Titles should be brief yet descriptive. Capitalize each major word in the title (but not of, on, in, and, etc.). Italicize titles. Don’t put a period.  Example: Mean Performance Scores of Students With Dierent College Majors. Double-space the entire table. This includes the number, the title, the rows and columns, and any notes to the table. Put lines in a table only when they are necessary for clarity. Horizontal lines are permissible; vertical lines are not. Tables should be numbered with Arabic format. The tables should be in MS word and placed where interpretation of table is carried out. The table should not be enclosed on separate sheet

Figure(s) should be cited in Arabic format. For Example; Figure 1. The Figure(s) should be clear enough to read and interpret

The list of non- standard abbreviations will be added by the author(s). All mathematical equations should be typed as text. For this purpose equations editor is preferred. Equation in the form of the image is not acceptable.

Before submitting your paper please ensures that it has been carefully read for typographical and grammatical errors. If English is not your first language, please have your paper proofread by an English speaking person. Papers will be returned if the standard of English is not considered to be good enough for publication. 

References and Referencing Styles

References should strictly follow the below APA referencing style, List of references in alphabetical order. Each listed reference should be cited in the text, and each text citation should be listed in the References section.

Examples of basic reference formats:

Journal Article:

Herbst-Damm,  K.  L.,  & Kulik,  J. A. (2005). Volunteer support,  marital  status,  and  the survival times of terminally ill patients. Health Psychology, 24, 225–229. doi: 10.1037/0278-


Journal article, one author, accessed online

Ku, G. (2008). Learning to de-escalate: The effects of regret in escalation of commitment.Organizational  Behavior  and  Human  Decision  Processes, 105(2),  221-232. doi:10.1016/j.obhdp.2007.08.002.

Journal article, two authors, accessed online

Sanchez, D., & King-Toler, E. (2007). Addressing disparities consultation and outreach strategies    for    university    settings. Consulting    Psychology    Journal:    Practice    and Research, 59(4), 286-295. doi:10.1037/1065- 9293.59.4.286

Authored Book

Mitchell, T. R., & Larson, J. R., Jr. (1987). People in organizations: An introduction to organizational behavior (3rd ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Chapter in an Edited Book

Bjork, R. A. (1989). Retrieval inhibition as an adaptive mechanism in human memory. In H. L. Roediger III & F. I. M. Craik (Eds.), Varieties of memory & consciousness (pp. 309–330). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Article from an Internet-only journal

Hirtle, P. B. (2008, July-August). Copyright renewal, copyright restoration, and the difficulty of determining copyright status. D-Lib Magazine, 14(7/8). doi:10.1045/july2008-hirtle

Magazine article, in print

Kluger, J. (2008, January 28). Why we love. Time, 171(4), 54-60.

Newspaper article, no author, in print

As prices surge, Thailand pitches OPEC-style rice cartel. (2008, May 5). The Wall Street

Journal, p. A9.


References to an entire book must include the following elements: author(s) or editor(s), date of publication, title, place of publication, and the name of the publisher.

One author, in print

Kidder, T. (1981). The soul of a new machine. Boston, MA: Little, Brown & Company.

Two authors, in print

Frank, R. H., & Bernanke, B. (2007). Principles of macro-economics (3rd ed.). Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.

Dissertation, accessed online

Young,  R.  F.  (2007). Crossing  boundaries  in  urban  ecology:  Pathways  to  sustainable cities(Doctoral  dissertation).  Available  from  ProQuest  Dissertations  &  Theses  database. (UMI No. 327681)

Entire Web site

When citing an entire Web site (and not a specific document on that site), no Reference List entry is required if the address for the site is cited in the text of your paper.

Witchcraft In Europe and America is a site that presents the full text of many essential works in the literature of witchcraft and demonology (

Indentation: The first line of the entry is flush with the left margin, and all subsequent lines

are indented (5 to 7 spaces) to form a "hanging indent".


All manuscripts are subject to double blind review. Papers will be reviewed by an editor and members of the editorial board or experienced reviewers around the world. Feedback will be given to authors as early as possible, as we make every effort to complete the review process

within 2-3 Months. 


Submission of an article is done with the understanding that the article has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, or thesis) that it is not under consideration for publication somewhere else; that if and when the article is accepted for publication, the author's consent to automatic transfer of the copyright to the publisher.

For more detailed information on APA citation style such as information on articles in press, journal special issues and supplements, translations, et cetera, see the Publication Manual of the  American   Psychological  Association and  the APA  Style  Guide  to   Electronic References.

Any enquiries and articles submission should be addressed to:

Managing Editor
Global Business Management Review
Othman Yeop Abdullah Graduate School of Business
Universiti Utara Malaysia
06010 UUM Sintok
Kedah, Malaysia

Tel: 604-928 7150
Mobile: 016-623 9057
Fax: 604-928 7160

Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement

Global Business Management Review (GBMR) is committed to maintaining the highest ethical standards for all parties involved in the act of publishing in a peer-reviewed journal: the author, the editor of the journal, the peer reviewer and the publisher

GBMR publishing ethics, both internally and externally, are based on- and adhere to- the Committee on Publication Ethics's (COPE) Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors and Conduct for Journal Publishers.

Editor Responsibilities

Accountability: The editors of a peer-reviewed journal are accountable and responsible for deciding which articles submitted to the journal should be published. The editor may be guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and constrained by legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. The editor may confer with other editors or reviewers when making this decision.

Fair play: An editor should evaluate manuscripts for those intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.

Confidentiality: The editor and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest: Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.

Reviewer Responsibilities

Reviewers must notify the Global Business Management Review, review of any conflicts of interest. Reviewers must keep information pertaining to the manuscript confidential. Reviewers must bring to the attention of the Editor-in-Chief any information that may be reason to reject publication of a manuscript. Reviewers must evaluate manuscripts only for their intellectual content.

Review Process

Each paper is first reviewed by the editor and, if it is judged suitable for this publication, it is then sent to two referees for double blind peer review. Manuscripts will be reviewed by the Editorial Board and at least one independent referee. Decisions regarding the publication of a manuscript will be based on the Board's recommendations. Manuscripts submitted by members of the journal's Editorial Board are subjected to the same review procedure.

Author Responsibilities

Reporting standards: Authors should present their results clearly, honestly, and without fabrication, falsification or inappropriate data manipulation. Authors should describe their methods clearly and unambiguously so that their findings can be confirmed by others.

Originality, plagiarism and acknowledgement of sources: Authors should adhere to publication requirements that submitted work is original, is not plagiarized, and has not been published elsewhere - fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable. If an author has used the work and/or words of others, that this original is been appropriately cited or quoted and accurately reflects individuals’ contributions to the work and its reporting.

Data Access and Retention: Authors may be asked to provide the raw data in connection with a paper for editorial review, and should in any event be prepared to retain such data for a reasonable time after publication.

Ethics: Authors should only submit papers only on work that has been conducted in an ethical and responsible manner and that complies with all relevant legislation.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest: All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

Authorship of the Paper: Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.

Multiple, Redundant or Concurrent Publication: An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

Fundamental errors in published works: When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.

Copyright  Policy

© Othman Yeop Abdullah Graduate School of Business. All rights reserved.

The publisher of Global Business Management Review (GBMR) will not be responsible for the statements made by the authors in any articles published in the journal. Under no circumstances will the publisher of this publication be liable for any loss or damage caused by your reliance on the advice, opinion or information obtained either explicitly or implied through the contents of this publication.

All rights of reproduction are reserved in respect of all papers, articles, illustrations, etc., published in GBMR. All material published in this journal is protected by copyright, which covers exclusive rights to reproduce and distribute the material. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means without prior permission from Othman Yeop Abdullah Graduate School of Business.

Global Business Management Review is an online, open access, biannual double peer-reviewed, international journal which publishes case studies and research works, that are innovative, conceptual, hypothetical and theoretical in its nature that provides an investigative acumens in the field of business. The GBMR journal articles are indexed in MyJurnal, UDLedge and MyCite.

UDL       mycite      MCC

Any enquiries and articles submission should be addressed to:

Managing Editor Global Business Management Review
Othman Yeop Abdullah Graduate School of Business
Universiti Utara Malaysia
06010 UUM Sintok Kedah, Malaysia

Tel: 604-928 7150
Mobile: 016-623 9057
Fax: 604-9287160
Email: /